Willard, M. D., J. Mansell, et al. (2008). "Effect of sample quality on the sensitivity of endoscopic biopsy for detecting gastric and duodenal lesions in dogs and cats." Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 22(5): 1084-1089.
A common diagnostic procedure for assessment of chronic gastrointestinal disease in cats is endoscopy with biopsies of gastrointestinal mucosa. Previous studies have highlighted the difficulty in obtaining quality biopsy samples via endoscopy. In this study, the researchers attempted to address two issues: whether the ability to demonstrate a histologic lesion in the stomach or duodenum is affected by sample quality, and whether more samples are needed to find a lesion when tissue specimens are of poor quality. The researchers evaluated tissues obtained via endoscopy from 51 cats (and 99 dogs) that were examined as clinical cases at 8 veterinary institutions or practices in 5 different countries. The results showed that the quality of endoscopically obtained tissue samples has a profound effect on their sensitivity for identifying certain lesions, and there are differences between biopsies of canine and feline tissues. Multiple samples need to be taken to ensure that a sufficient number of adequate tissue samples are obtained during endoscopic procedures. The old assumption that a single adequate biopsy sample is sufficient for diagnosis was shown to be incorrect. The study suggests that a goal of obtaining 6 marginal or adequate feline duodenal or gastric samples will be sufficient to give 99% confidence of finding any lesions present.
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Day, M. J., T. Bilzer, et al. (2008). "Histopathological standards for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal inflammation in endoscopic biopsy samples from the dog and cat: a report from the World Small Animal Veterinary Association Gastrointestinal Standardization Group." J Comp Pathol 138 Suppl 1: S1-43.
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Evans, S. E., J. J. Bonczynski, et al. (2006). "Comparison of endoscopic and full-thickness biopsy specimens for diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease and alimentary tract lymphoma in cats." J Am Vet Med Assoc 229(9): 1447-50.
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inflammatory bowel disease